While tooth extraction often occurs as a last resort remedy, many situations exist that make this procedure not just necessary but also desirable. This article discusses some of those situations and also explains what to expect during and after tooth extraction.
Factors That Necessitate Tooth Extraction
Extensive Damage. If one or more of your teeth are severely damaged by decay or trauma, you are likely to experience a lot of pain and discomfort. The only way to bring that discomfort and severe pain to an end is by pulling the damaged tooth.
Crowded Teeth. If your teeth are crowded, Dr. Fardi Farhat, a leading dentist in Sterling Heights, MI may decide to extract one or more teeth in order to allow the remaining ones to be aligned properly. This will correct any bite issues that you may have had as a result of the crowding.
Infections. Some infections may spread to the pulp of a tooth and cause such teeth to die once the blood supply to the living tissues inside is cut off. In such cases, the experts at Dental One Care may decide to either perform root canal therapy or extract the dead teeth.
Heightened Risks of Infections. People with low immunities, such as cancer patients, may have to undergo tooth extraction of the teeth that are most at risk of infection so that the risk is averted. The decision to extract the teeth will occur after treatment plan is put in place.
Impacted Teeth. If any of your wisdom teeth are impacted, Dr. Fardi Farhat may have no choice but to extract the impacted wisdom tooth before it causes more damage.
Gum/Periodontal Disease. Advanced periodontal disease can cause the bone, gums, and other surrounding tissues to be destroyed. Your Sterling Heights dentist may, therefore, opt to extract the worst affected teeth to stem the spread of the gum disease to the rest of your oral structures.
Cosmetic Reasons. Some people may feel self-conscious about their smile. Many patients ask Dr. Fardi Farhat to extract those unflattering teeth so that aesthetically suitable restorations can be placed in their location.
Tooth Extraction Prep
The tooth extraction procedure is a simple surgical procedure that rarely lasts for more than an hour. However, like all other surgical procedures, Dr. Farhat will have to get your full medical history before giving the green light. Tell the Sterling Heights dentist about any current medical condition you have as well as any medication or nutritional supplements you are taking at the moment. Notify Dr. Farhat if you are pregnant and reveal any bone problems that you have.
The Dental One team will consider your medical history and either delay the tooth extraction or tweak the process to accommodate your unique factors.
What Happens During a Tooth Extraction?
A dentist in Sterling Heights or a maxillofacial surgeon will perform the tooth extraction procedure. First, Dr. Fardi Farhat will apply a local anesthetic, or even a general anesthetic if the tooth to be extracted is a wisdom tooth. Sedation is also used in cases where multiple teeth will be pulled.
Once the area is numb, forceps are used to pull out the tooth. If the tooth is large, your Sterling Heights dentist will cut that tooth into two pieces before extracting those pieces, one at a time.
If the tooth was impacted, the dentist would cut through the gum and bone before pulling the tooth out. A blood clot will form in the socket, and the Dental One Care dentist will give you a piece of gauze to bite on so that the bleeding can stop. This typically takes a few minutes.
Dr. Fardi Farhat will prescribe some medication to deal with the residual pain that you are likely to feel hours or even days after the extraction. The Sterling Heights dentist warns that you refrain from taking aspirin for the pain since this particular painkiller can thin your blood and worsen any bleeding.
After the Tooth Extraction
In most cases, you can immediately resume your daily activities once your tooth is extracted. However, Dental One Care cautions patients to avoid doing any heavy lifting or performing any strenuous activities within the first 24 hours after a tooth is pulled. Dr. Fardi Farhat may also recommend several of the following measures in order to enable you to heal faster;
- Restrict yourself to soft food for your first two meals and then slowly introduce other foods as the tooth extraction site heals.
- Avoid drinking or eating anything hot because these may melt the newly formed clot at the extraction site.
- Desist from doing anything, such as spitting, using a straw or blowing your nose, that could put pressure on the extraction site and cause the clot to become dislodged.
- Don’t take any alcohol as this could affect the healing process and compromise any medication you are taking.
- Prepare a warm, saltwater solution and use it to rinse your mouth instead of using antiseptic rinses that could be too harsh on the extraction site.
Once a tooth is extracted, the adjacent teeth may shift to fill the gap left. Dr. Farhat wouldn’t want these complications of a gap to affect you. So, consider the different tooth replacement options recommended by the experts at Dental One Care and replace the missing tooth before it is too late.