Basic Teeth Cleaning vs. Deep Dental Cleaning
The National Institutes for Health (NIH) estimate that Americans lose about 12 permanent teeth by the time they reach 50 years of age. The biggest reasons for that tooth loss is gingivitis, cavities as well as periodontal disease. Fortunately, Sterling Heights Dentist, Dr. Fadi Farhat says that regular dental cleaning can prevent those problems. Today on the blog we discuss what you need to know about the difference between a basic dental cleaning and deep dental cleaning.
Basic Dental Cleaning
Dentists recommend basic dental cleaning at least twice each year. The appropriate number of cleanings each year can vary depending on the specific risk factors that you may have. For example, more basic cleaning sessions may be scheduled in case you smoke, have diabetes or have a family history of periodontal disease.
The dentist will start by examining your gums and teeth carefully in order to identify the locations where plaque buildup is most serious. He or she will also assess the overall health of your gums.
The dentist in Sterling Heights will then use a variety of instruments (A small mirror, tooth polisher, and a suction hose) to clean the surface of the teeth and gums. The dentist or dental hygienist may ask you to rinse your mouth periodically during the basic dental cleaning in order to remove plaque and other debris.
The Sterling Heights dentist or hygienist will also floss your teeth to remove every last bit of the plaque loosened from your teeth. Some people may notice some bleeding in the gums during the cleaning procedure. Tooth sensitivity may also occur for a while. The teeth will feel smooth once the dentist has completed the cleaning exercise.
It is important to note that basic dental cleaning focuses on the visible parts of your teeth and gums. The procedure can be completed during one dental visit.
What is deep teeth cleaning?
Your dentist in Sterling Heights will recommend deep cleaning (also known as scaling and root planning) after examining you and realizing that the distance between your teeth and the gum tissue around it exceeds the normal range. The healthy pocketing (size of the gap between teeth and gums) is usually less than 3mm.
Deep cleaning can also be recommended in case you have taken long (a year, for example) without undergoing basic dental cleaning. People with moderate gum disease may also be asked to undergo deep cleaning in order to arrest the progression of the disease.
Deep cleaning is done in quadrants. There are four quadrants in total (lower left, lower right, upper left and upper right quadrants). The process starts by numbing the target quadrant or side of your mouth. The Sterling Heights dentist or hygienist will then use manual, ultrasonic or laser tools to scale the surface of your teeth below the gum line in order to remove all the plaque and tartar that has accumulated there.
The area being cleaned will also be irrigated with an antibiotic solution in order to kill all the germs there. You may be asked to take oral antibiotics for a few days. Sterling Heights dentists ask patients to come in for a follow up appointment in order to check and confirm that the infection has been controlled and that your teeth and gums are healing as expected after the procedure.
Note that deep cleaning of all the four quadrants may not be done during one visit depending on the magnitude of the work that needs to be done. Deep cleaning or scaling and root planning is also billed per quadrant. Talk to your dentist in Sterling Heights and confirm what it will cost you to have the procedure done in case your insurance company won’t meet that cost.
It is never a good idea to postpone a deep cleaning your teeth and gums once your dentist in Sterling Heights recommends it. Any delays can lead to further bone loss and possible systemic infection. Avoid those complications. See your Sterling Heights dentist and let him or her do everything possible to protect your oral and overall health from the dangers posed by plaque, tarter and bacteria.