By definition, gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that supports your teeth. There are three stages of gum disease, ranking from least to most severe, which are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
What causes gum disease?
A sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on the surface of your teeth causes gum disease. If plaque is not instantly removed there is a high chance that it will turn into tartar (calculus). To make your problem even worse dental plaque will continue to form over the tartar. Brushing or flossing can remove plaque but does not have any effect on tartar. Therefore, it would need a teeth cleaning service performed by a professional to remove it.
How to identify Gum disease?
Gum disease may be painless hence it is important to be aware of the following symptoms. Or else you would not be able to deal with it at its early stage and the condition might get serious.
- Swollen, red or tender gums
- Loose teeth
- Gums move away from the tooth
- Gums that start bleeding when brushing or flossing
- A visible change in the way your teeth come together
- Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums
- Pain during chewing foods
- Teeth start to become overly sensitive to hot or cold temperatures
How to prevent gum disease?
Proper flossing and brushing can go a long way in terms of keeping gum disease at bay. To fight bacteria, it would be advisable to use antibacterial toothpaste or mouth rinse. They will also help reduce plaque that forms on the surface of your teeth which is important to remove instantly as it is the main cause for the formation of bacteria.
How to treat it?
There is only one way to get rid of plaque that has hardened and transformed into tartar. That is to have a professional teeth cleaning service with your dentist. By scheduling regular dental checkups every six months, gum disease can be dealt with at its early stage before turning into a serious problem.
If the disease has reached the point where the condition is serious, scaling and root planning can be performed to treat the periodontal pockets and gum infection. Dr. Kristina Neda, a dentist in Georgetown KY, adds that usually, a dental hygienist uses an ultrasonic scaling device to remove plaque, tartar and food debris above and below the gum line. They will also hand scale the tooth to make the teeth surface smooth and disease-free.
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